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2014  (Vol. 3, No: 2)

Assessing Emotional Intelligence of University Students: A Comparison between China and Bahrain


Corresponding Author: Suhaila E. Alhashemi

Vol. 3, (2): 27-39


Abstract

Emotional intelligence (EI) is being recognised to be a vital element in many educational institutions today. Tuning into one's feelings and understanding others help to build and strengthen relationships in classrooms. There are some Emotional Intelligence skills most often related to academic success such as assertion, drive, strength, commitment ethic, time management, and stress management. This paper looks at emotional intelligence of students in one of Bahrain’s reputable national university. A comparison is made between students in Barhain and participants in China to look at cultural differences and the role of national culture in the levels of emotional intelligence among individuals. The results revealed no direct relationship between scores, grade point average, age and emotional intelligence competencies. Overall the scores were in moderation, reflecting moderate levels of emotional intelligence. However, there some subtle culture issues and variations between the culture in China and Bahrain, where some of the items in the EI instruments were found to be culture bound.

Submitted
 Accepted

08 April 2014

10 May 2014
 

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to investigate whether the establishment of the ARB Apex Bank which started business in 2002 has helped improve the production efficiency of the Rural and Community Banks (RCBs) in Ghana. The study is based on published data gathered from the annual statements of 40 RCBs covering the period of 2000 to 2010. The study applied the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) methodology, using the input-oriented and the Charnes, Coopers and Rhodes (CCR) Model to measure the technical efficiency of the Ghanaian RCBs. The intermediation approach was applied to select input and output variables. Consequently, labour cost, capital cost, deposit expense and shareholders’ equity were used as input variables while loans and advances, investments and income from non-interest earning assets were employed as output variables. Using the Efficiency Management System (EMS) software, the efficiency scores were calculated for the study period of 2000 to 2010. Thereafter, the scores were compared for pre and post establishment of Apex Bank efficiency estimates using 2002 as a cut-off year. The results show that two (2) RCBs were relatively efficient throughout the study period with an average efficiency score of 1 or 100% while the yearly average efficiency of all RCBs for the period varied from 0.734 to 0.920. The findings also indicate that efficiency of the RCBs has significantly improved after the establishment of the ARB Apex bank in 2002. Eight RCBs were identified as the best practice banks in the industry. The policy implication is for the Bank of Ghana to continue to encourage the programmes being implemented by Apex Bank since it could help these banks improve efficiency further over a period of time. Also, the management of RCBs should reduce expenditure on their input resources in order to make cost savings given the amount of outputs produced. The results show that expenditure on inputs can be reduced to the tune of 14.5% at the current output level.

Submitted
 Accepted
22 Feb 2014
  08 May 2014
 

Understanding the Terminology of Disabled People


Corresponding Author: Mazuwin Binti Haja Maideen

Vol. 3, (2): 61-65


Abstract

This is a conceptual paper based on disability and individuals with disability (IWD) striving to live a normal life. It will briefly explain types of disabilities and the problems faced by those people with different disabilities. Furthermore, it will explain how disability is defined in some countries statutory articles and discuss some of the acts enacted to protect the rights and facilitate inclusion of the IWD’s in education, employment and everyday life. This paper also focuses on how a disabled person can be integrated within a society. It also generally explores what is being done in different countries to handle or treat people with various disabilities, and to provide them with the most convenient and accessible facilities and services to lead normal lives.

Submitted
 Accepted
19-Mar-2014
04-Jun-2014
 

Combining Ethnography and Case Study Research Designs In Studying Forestry Co-Management Approaches


Corresponding Author: Felix Lamech Mogambi Ming’ate

Vol. 3, (2): 67-79


Abstract

The paper discusses how a combination of ethnographic and case study research designs can be appropriate in studying forestry co-management approaches and gives a step per step explanation of the methods that can be used for collecting data, ethical considerations, data analysis and selection of the interviewees in a combined ethnographic and case study research designs scenario to study forestry co-management approaches. It further shows how a researcher can take various decisions during field work when using the ethnographic and case study research designs scenarios to study forest co-management approaches in order to obtain as credible results as possible. It is concluded in the paper that a combination of ethnographic and case study research designs are suitable for studying forest co-management approaches. However, despite the widely acknowledged potential inherent in the ethnographic design, there is still hesitation in adopting and accepting ethnography as a mode of studying forest co-management approaches most properly because of the time required to study forestry co-management approaches.

Submitted
 Accepted
12-Jun-2014
                07-Jul-2014