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2014  (Vol. 5, No: 1)

CHILDREN WITH STUTTERING AT SCHOOL

Fradelos Evangelos, Apergi Marioeleni, Staikos Charalampos


Corresponding Author: Fradelos Evangelos

Vol. 5, (1): 01-07


Abstract

Background: It is not uncommon for young children to have disfluencies in their speech, as stuttering. Stuttering is a form of interruption in the flow of speech.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of stuttering in children at school related to the child communication ability, the causes and possible therapeutic approaches.

Method: The research method of study consists of articles concerning the subject that were found mainly in the Medline electronic database, the Hellenic Academic Libraries Link (HEAL-Link) and in the Google Scholar search engine. A classic literature search in scientific literature articles and studies from libraries also conducted. The criteria for selecting studies were the following: a) articles written in Greek and English, and b) articles which referred to the stuttering.

Results: Children with stuttering have poorer psychosocial development , low self esteem and self- concept and reduced targets, than children without stuttering. These cases affect the child’s daily life and future, and difficulties in studying and learning, which causes failure at school. Finally, the child’s fear and anxiety of stuttering can cause it to continue and even worsen. If the diagnosis is made at an early age, then a comprehensive response will help to prevent problems, which if developed further, can lead to disorders in adolescence or adulthood.

Conclusions: There's no cure for stuttering, but effective treatments are available and you can help your child overcome it. It is very important to inform all those who have contact with your child at school, as teachers, about the importance of using smooth, relaxed speech when talking to him/her.

Submitted
 Accepted
 18 Jul 2014
27 Oct 2014
 

URBAN HOUSING CRISIS: TRACING THE FACTORS BEHIND THE GROWTH OF INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS IN KUMASI, GHANA

Collins Adjei Mensah, Kwabena Barima Antwi, Peter Kwabena Acheampong


Corresponding Author: Collins Adjei Mensah

Vol. 5, (1): 09-20

Abstract

Proliferation of informal settlements is a worldwide problem that confronts many cities in the world especially cities of developing countries. It destructs sustainable urban development of cities. This paper sought to explore the factors behind the growth of informal settlements in Kumasi, Ghana. The paper used explorative case study approach with the study population been informal settlement dwellers. Questionnaire and personal observation were the data collection techniques that were employed. Principal Component analysis or factor analysis technique was used to establish the factors behind the growth of informal settlements. The findings of the paper revealed that a combination of socio-economic, cultural, institutional, physical, political and historical factors influenced the growth of informal settlements in Kumasi. It is therefore recommended that these factors should be given the necessary attention in the development plan of Kumasi. The Kumasi city authorities should embark on routine inspection on housing developments and also strictly enforced the building regulations of the area.

Submitted

   Accepted
30 Aug 2014
29 Oct 2014