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2015  (Vol. 7, No: 2)

Emmanuel Wamalwa*, Edward Neyole, Moses Poipoi, Monicah Bitok

Vol. 07 (02), 2015, 030-041


Abstract

Knowledge of HIV prevention methodologies by people living with HIV (PLHIVs) is an important precursor to HIV risk reduction. This study sought to determine HIV prevention knowledge and knowledge gaps among PLHIVs in Kisii County, Western Kenya. A total 340 PLHIVs across 9 health facilities and 6 Key informants, mainly HIV managers and programmers were interviewed. We found high generalized knowledge among PLHIVs on HIV prevention, as well as on condom use, abstinence and faithfulness to a partner as prevention methods. We however found low knowledge levels on emerging biomedical prevention methods, including treatment as prevention. Similarly, despite high knowledge levels on Mother to Child Transmission (MTCT), few PLHIVs know exact phases in which MTCT can occur - pregnancy, delivery and breast feeding – with males, those depending on kin as primary income source and PLHIVs attending higher-level facilities least likely to have this knowledge. Media, health workers and HIV campaigns remain the most important communication channels for PLHIVs as regards HIV information, while peers are an important information source for males. Our observations highlight the need to further promote knowledge of various HIV prevention methodologies, especially emerging prevention methods, among specific PLHIVs socio-demographic groups that exhibit low knowledge levels.

 

Keywords: PLHIV; HIV Knowledge; HIV information; risk reduction; Kenya.

Received
 Accepted
July 2015
September 2015
 
 
A Comparative Study of Teachers Participation in School Administration between the Primary and Secondary School Teachers
Niranjan Maity, MonoranjanBhowmik* and Bharati Banerjee

Vol. 07 (02), 042-050


Abstract

The present study focuses on the teacher participation in school administration between primary and secondary school teachers. The sample consists of 120 school teachers of Purba and PaschimMedinipur District of West Bengal in India. The investigator has used “teachers’ participation school administration scale” developed by the authors with being standardized. The researcher analyze the data using statistical technique‘t’ Test. The major findings of the study are that, Primary school teachers are actively participating in school administration than the secondary school teachers.

Keywords: school administration, participation, primary & secondary school.

Received

   Accepted 
April 2015
 September 2015